Forest Fires

Forest Fire

28. Forest Fires     2010, 48 p., livreto

Foi o livreto básico utilizado pelo Prof.Genebaldo para os participantes de 23 países que reuniu em Brasília para o Seminário Internacional sobre Incêndios Florestais e Mudança Climática, na sede do Prevfogo-IBAMA.

Summary

1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………… 7

2. Main causes of fire on vegetation…………………………………………………………….. 9

2.1  Environmental Illiteracy……………………………………………………………………. 9

2.2  Accidents/incidents………………………………………………………………………… 9

2.3  Cultural/behavioural………………………………………………………………………. 10

2.4  Expansion of rural areas…………………………………………………………………. 10

2.5  Natural Phenomena………………………………………………………………………. 10

2.6  Extraction…………………………………………………………………………………. 10

2.7  Agrarian Policy……………………………………………………………………………. 10

3. Factors which contributes for fire on vegetation………………………………………….. 11

3.1  Climactic…………………………………………………………………………………… 11

3.2 Topographic……………………………………………………………………………. 11

3.3  Types of fuel………………………………………………………………………………. 11

4. Main consequences of the forest fires………………………………………………………. 12

4.1  On the society……………………………………………………………………………. 12

Effects on human health…………………………………………………………………. 12

Social and economic effects……………………………………………………………. 12

4.2  n ecosystems…………………………………………………………………………….. 13

Effects on the ecosystems regulation………………………………………………….. 13

Effects on the soil………………………………………………………………………… 13

Effects on the atmosphere………………………………………………………………. 13

Effects on the flora…………………………………………………………………… 14

Effects on the fauna……………………………………………………………………… 14

5. Alternatives to the use of fire………………………………………………………………… 15

5.1  Benefits that might be obtained from the adoption of alternative practices

Suggested:……………………………………………………………………………….. 15

Greater environmental balance…………………………………………………………. 15

Greater agricultural productivity………………………………………………………… 15

Better health condition………………………………………………………………….. 15

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Better quality of life………………………………………………………………………. 15

5.2. Suggested alternatives (in alphabetical order):………………………………………… 15

Green Fertilization……………………………………………………………………….. 14

Organic Agriculture………………………………………………………………………. 15

Apiculture…………………………………………………………………………………. 15

Afforestation of the pasturage…………………………………………………………… 16

Handicraft and recycle…………………………………………………………………… 14

Social carbon…………………………………………………………………………….. 16

Composting………………………………………………………………………………. 16

Intercropping

Control of pasture cicadas………………………………………………………………. 16

Control of pasture invasive plants……………………………………………………… 16

Multi-storey cropping……………………………………………………………………. 16

Ecotourism……………………………………………………………………………….. 17

Ecological pasture……………………………………………………………………….. 17

Mixed grazing……………………………………………………………………………. 17

Direct planting……………………………………………………………………………. 17

Social Reforestation…………………………………………………………………. 17

Crop rotation…………………………………………………………………………….. 17

Silage……………………………………………………………………………………… 18

Agroforestry Systems– SAF…………………………………………………………… 18

Use of cattle urea…………………………………………………………………………. 18

6. Suggestion of practical activities of environmental education…………………………… 19

7. Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………….. 27

Annex – Environmental legislation regarding forest fires

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